God promises vindication, fruitfulness, and exaltation to His servant. We have already mentioned that though Isaiah had Israel in view when discussing God’s servant, God intends this servant to refer ultimately to Jesus Christ.

However, there are some interpretative questions to answer if this servant is Jesus. For example, this passage speaks of numerous descendants who will have kings and queens bow down before them (Isaiah 49:23). When it comes to questions about Israel’s relationship to Jesus and the church, there is no shortage of disagreements. Still I can confidently say that the descendants mentioned in this passage include those who will believe in Jesus Christ. National Israel will not be the only ones to benefit from God’s vindication and exaltation.

Another truth is certain while reading Isaiah. The scope of human history that Isaiah foretells spans thousands of years. Some of his prophecies find fulfillment in the 700’s, 600’s, and 500’s B.C.; others, in the life and ministry of Jesus; and others are still yet to come to completion. They will find it in the new heavens and new earth. Until then, let us be those who believe these words: “Then you will know that I am the Lord; those who hope in me will not be disappointed” (Isaiah 49:23).