The New Testament quotes Isaiah more than any other Old Testament prophet. Jesus applies Isaiah’s prophecies to Himself (e.g. 4:17-19), and Jesus’s Jewish disciples learned to share how Jesus accomplished all Isaiah foretold.
One verse the apostle Peter applies to Jesus is found in Isaiah 8:14 (see 1 Peter 2:8). In Isaiah God is properly the object of fearful reverence, worthy of obedience. Those who make God their Lord will find YHWH to be a sanctuary; those who oppose God will find Him to cause trouble and failure. Jesus is like God in this regard. Jesus is both the one in whom the faithful find their rest and in whom the wicked find their most decisive judgment. For all who call on the name of Jesus will be saved (Romans 10:13), but all who make themselves enemies of Jesus meet destruction (Philippians 3:19). We shouldn’t overlook the fact that Isaiah is speaking of God, the unique creator of all things, while years later Peter, understanding Isaiah’s meaning, intentionally equates Jesus with the stone of stumbling in Isaiah 8. Early Jewish readers of 1 Peter certainly would have grasped this and other not-so-subtle suggestions through which the apostles claimed Jesus is messiah and God.
Whatever we think about the boy born 2,000 years ago in Bethlehem, we cannot think the early apostles taught that Jesus was anything but the eternal, divine author of all things. May we embrace this claim and find Jesus as our eternal resting place.