Ezra ends with the people fasting and turning to God in confession; Nehemiah begins with the main character, Nehemiah, fasting and confessing Israel’s sin, which led to their exile. If you want to know when God is on the move and at work in His people, look for confession of sin and genuine repentance. The truth is, whenever sinful people encounter a Holy God, the fitting response is confession that leads to repentance. Confession alone is not enough, and no one will repent if they do not understand their wrongdoing. Both must go together, and Nehemiah begins with confession as he leads the returning exiles of Judah in a book-long repentance of their failure to trust the God of the universe.